Injection molding itself is a reliable method of producing solid plastic parts with high-quality surfaces.
Here are a few reasons why this process is beneficial for the production of Plastic Industry Parts:
1. High precision and surface finish
Injection molding is ideal for producing plastic parts with relatively simple geometries and high surface finish quality. Manufacturers have many finishing options when producing parts, including various surface textures—such as glossy, rough, or matte—that they apply directly to the mold rather than molding the part. However, different plastic materials can also affect the final surface finish.
2. Material Availability
A significant advantage of using injection molding in automotive production is the wide range of rigid, flexible, and rubber plastics that the process is compatible with. Manufacturers use a variety of different polymers in various applications in the automotive industry, including ABS, polypropylene, acrylic, acetal, nylon, polycarbonate, and more.
In the automotive industry, repeatability (or the ability to consistently produce the same parts) is critical. Because automotive plastic injection molding typically relies on a solid metal mold, the final molded automotive part produced using that mold is virtually identical. Several factors are associated with injection molding, but injection molding is a highly repeatable process if the mold is well-designed and finished.
4. Rapid Prototyping Using Rapid Tools
While automakers widely use injection molding to mass-produce auto parts, they also use it as a prototyping tool. By using rapid tooling (usually through additive manufacturing or CNC machining) to create fast, low-cost aluminum molds, auto moldmakers can complete low-volume production of prototype molded auto parts faster than traditional (steel) molds.
5. Scale and cost
The injection mold manufacturing process can be expensive process due to the cost of the mold. However, it is still a highly scalable process, and its overall cost decreases as the manufacturer manufacture more parts. For mass production applications, injection molding is therefore beneficial to manufacturers. However, for any product that is not mass-produced, injection mold cost can inhibit the cost efficiency of the process.
6. Color Options
In automotive plastic injection molding, it is easy to modify the color of the molded automotive part to fit the vehicle's color scheme. Unlike other processes, injection molding allows you to mix dyes with raw material pellets before manufacturing begins. This produces a solid, consistent color without the need to paint or tint after molding is complete.